Mastic Gum and Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO
Since when does the mastic gum from the island of Chios belong to the intangible cultural heritage of UNESCO? And what does this label mean anyway?
The "white gold" of Chios has been harvested for thousands of years using an unmodified process. We will discuss the cultivation of mastic gum in detail in separate chapters:
The mastic is also a PDO product, which also testifies to their uniqueness.
Mastic gum is used as a flavoring in many sweets and drinks, especially in mastiha (mastika), a digestive liquor from the island of Chios. Mastic 'tears' or small pieces of the hardened tree sap can also be chewed as gum, which has been practiced for thousands of years.
Mastic gum is known in cultures and gastronomy throughout the Mediterranean and Arab world.
UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage
What is the definition of intangible cultural heritage?
It is: "Cultural heritage is the expression of ways of life developed by a community and transmitted from generation to generation, including customs, places, objects, artistic expressions and values".
Mastic Gum and UNESCO - 2014
In 2014, the nomination of the "Mastic of Chios" as a cultural monument for the UNESCO Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage was accepted in Paris.
The history, values, customs and traditions of mastic cultivation and harvesting are now part of the intangible cultural heritage of UNESCO.
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